Catatan Harianku

Dissertation Thank You List

It has been more than a month since i submitted my dissertation. This was my first proper academic project which i have been working since June this year. With this submission, i have completed Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship MSc program in University of Manchester. I havent got my final grade yet but hopefully it wont be too shabby.

This dissertation project has been both exciting and exhausting at the same time. I deliberately chose the topic that i most interested with . However, there were still many times during the work that i became so fed up and wanted to get it done as quickly as possible. In the end, the project made me learn a lot about how to do scientific project, building arguments, critically reviewing academic papers and executing research project.

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We did it! – picture by @okymauludany

Along the way of working this dissertation, i’ve been getting a lot of help both directly and indirectly. Hence this post serves as thank you note for everyone who has been supporting me in finishing this work.

Proposal of my research can be seen here. Ill post summary and conclusion of my dissertation in the upcoming post, hopefully. I was proud of my work before submission but after reading it again after getting good night sleep, i realised it was shit haha. 

I would like to dedicate my first thank you to my dissertation supervisor, Dr Elvira Uyarra. Reading Elvira works on innovation policy  was one of the trigger that made me chose Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship program in Manchester. I even referred her works in my scholarship application to convince Indonesian government that Manchester is the place to be to learn about innovation. As supervisor, Elvira has been helping me a lot in shaping my ideas, building theoretical framework and even fixing my grammar.

I want to also thank my Research Method professor, Frank Boons. He designed his class in order for students to make step-by-step research progress every week hence it was very useful for me which never done any proper scientific research. On top of that, he was also very responsive and thorough in giving feedback which further support me in shaping rough ideas into research proposal. I once gave him draft at 2 in the morning and before 8, Frank wrote a page full of detailed revision.

I was also get support from my other professors and faculty members in the brainstorming phase. Hence my thanks to Kieron Flanagan, Bruce Tether, Marcella Miozzo, Jonathan Pinkse for the advices.

Next on my thanks list is the founders, activist, journalist, managers, developers and enthusiast in Jakarta digital startup scene which was the topic of my dissertation. These are the good people which helped me in various ways. From agreeing to be respondent,  providing raw data, introduce me to people and support me in navigating the ins and outs of the industry.  For that, i will be forever be grateful

So lets start!, i would like to say my gratitude to : Yasaka Rani from Blibli, Oky Mauludani from Traveloka, Muhammad Ihsan from Tokopedia, Nalendra Wiryawan from Blibli & XL Axiata, Berlian Agusta from Airy Room, Christa from Womantalk, Janet Valentina from IDN Media, Leontinus Edison from Tokopedia, Rama Mamuaya from DailySocial, Aulia Halimatussadiah from Zettamedia & StartupLokal, Robi Baskoro from Duniaku, Aditya Saputra from Tripvisto & Tamasia, Yoga Nandiwardhana from Google Indonesia, Gery Azriel from Youtube Indonesia, Nadine Freischald from Techinasia and many others which gave comments or reply on my questions in Twitter or Linkedin.

I also getting lot of help from my classmates in Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship MSc 2016 – 2017. For the feedbacks and chats during late night word count grinding in Alan Gilbert Learning Commons, my thanks to Kai, Camilo, Aisha, Shresta, Phing, Hilde, Farah, Andrea, Hector, Ravi, Nishant, Stoyko, Danai and Chiara.

Then, i would like to give my special kudos to Indonesian-IME group: Mira, Tera, Faiz, Jojo, Derian. A support group, a home away from home and best study group I have ever have.

My masters degree program and dissertation research project was funded by Indonesian Education Endowment Fund Scholarship (LPDP). This is a great program which enabled thousands of Indonesian to pursue Masters and PhD overseas. If youre planning to apply or have questions regarding the program, drop me an email (kiki dot ahmadi at gmail ) and i will gladly help you.

Lastly, to Sari and Ghazi. My raison d’etre. Thank you for accompanying me in this wonderful journey. The works is for you two.

Essay

Ideas On Traveloka

So couple days ago i applied for a job opening at Traveloka. Im still working on my dissertation but reading the job description got me interested. Unfortunately i didn’t pass the analytic test. Got bad history with this kind of test. A little bit disappointed but on a bright side this probably a sign that i should gave 100% focus on finishing my thesis.

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Photo by Steven Lewis on Unsplash

Since Ive been using their services for quite some time, i had several improvement ideas which i plan to develop inside the job application. I thought this might be useful if i get called for interview. However since it is not my luck this time rather waste the ideas, it might be better if elaborate it more here. Writing it can serve as means to stretch my “idea machine” while also a way to embrace my failure. Hopefully it will be useful in some ways for anybody who read this.

So here we go. Read More

Catatan Harianku

Digital and Tech Startup Employment in Indonesia and Jakarta

I did comparison of total number of employees of all Indonesian tech startups listed in Crunchbase and employment numbers of other major business sector.

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Vizualized using Tableau Public

Several interesting points :

  • In country level, startup employment is still miniscule which is not surprising. However in Jakarta level, it already surpassed banking, construction, education and enterprise support services sector
  • Still in Jakarta level, Startup employment is already nearly half Real Estate sector, nearly third of Transportation and Warehousing and quarter of Manufacturing
  • Jakarta hold 60 percent of total Indonesia startup employment. Compared to the ICT sector which Jakarta only contribute 2% of total country employment. I guess startup ecosystem is still very Jakarta centric ?
  • Startup employment probably can be used as proxy for Digital Economy contribution. However its still need average wage data points in Startups to see how the contribution related to other business sector.
     

Also couple of notes regarding the data

  • This is a pre-eliminary analysis, did it in my spare time so please do comment if i made mistakes or something doesnt felt right
  • Number of employee data in Crunchbase is in estimated range. I used the maximum estimation.
  • Out of around 900 Indonesian based startups listed in Crunch base, 270-ish doesnt have employee data. So the number could possibly bigger
  • Techinasia listed around 3000 Indonesian startups however they didnt parse it by city and also i believe they didnt offer access to the raw data. However, just by looking at the number of startups disparity compared to Crunchbase, again the number of startup employment could possibly much bigger

Heres the tableau link to get better view of the graph : http://bit.ly/startupEmploymentIndo

Data source : Crunchbase, BPS Sensus Ekonomi 2016, Self-analysis

PS: Kudos for Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia for the quality and the granularity of the data.

 

Essay

Silicon Roundabout: cluster evolution and effect of public policy in Inner East London Startup Cluster

Digital economy is currently huge economy contributor for United Kingdom. In 2015, this sector contributed 97 billion pounds and provide more job growth than any other sector in the country (Tech City, 2017). Majority of UK digital economy activities is concentrated in London, specifically in the area called Silicon Roundabout. The cluster is the home of more than 3000 digital media and internet companies, most of them are newly-established and small-sized.

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Silicon Roundabout (image source)

This essay will discuss the development of Silicon Roundabout cluster and how public policy have impact on that process.  Short overview on the cluster will be discussed first as the starting point. After that the evolution of cluster will be described followed by discussion on the cluster policy impact. In the later part of the essay, challenges facing the cluster will be explained and then closed by essay conclusion. Read More

Essay

Benefits and Challenges of Innovating Public Services Through E-government.

This is my submitted essay for professor Ian Miles’s Service Innovation class. I got a really bad grade for this essay, probably the worst grade in my master’s course. However i believe there is some useful info in this essay and hopefully by posting here, it could be a stern reminder for me to keep getting better better again in writing. I hope it helps. 

E-government is an innovation in public services which aim to simplify and amplify the relationship between government and the citizens (Rodríguez, et al., 2011). The technology was seen not only to as a tool public service delivery but also a bigger platform which government can perform better in multiple aspects. Seeing this potential, increasing number of country are developing and implementing e-government. According to UN E-Government report, the number of countries providing services through the internet jumped five times, from 33 to 148 in the span of 2003 to 2016 (UN, 2016). However, the successful rate is very low due to the various challenges both from the technical and non-technical side.

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South Korean booth in UN Public Service Forum (source)

This essay attempt to discuss what is the prospect and challenges of e-government implementation as a public service innovation. First, the trend and historical context which help the conception of e-government will be explained. Following that, the essay will discuss several definitions and classification of e-government to shape the understanding about this technology. Subsequently, potential benefits and promises of e-government will be described. In the final chapter, several challenges regarding e-government implementation will be discussed along with ways to address that. Read More

Blog

One Mistake Away

Its middle of the night here in Manchester when wife and kid already asleep. In a rare serene moment like this, I should be doing the literature review part of my dissertation but somehow there is this imaginary brick wall that stop one’s thought process. Hence another too often moment of procrastination creeps me once again.

Either Hemingway, Capote or Woody Allen which said something that to overcome writer’s block, you just have to keep writing. But rather than grinding papers to fuel my dissertation writing, i decided to recollect slice of my life story which i suddenly remembered due to random up-swiping in twitter. Hopefully, brain dumping this will lubricate the dissertation-mode engine once again. At the very least, procrastinating this way is more productive than yet once again Netflix-binging hole i cant seem to escape every time dissertation journey gets a little bit uphill.  Read More

Essay

Nanotechnology in China: An Analysis of International Competitiveness

This is my essay for professor Marcella Miozzo‘s International Competitiveness class. Previously, i posted the power point presentation for this topic as well. Links to all the reference can be found in the bottom of the article. Hope its useful. 

Nanotechnology is the manipulation and production of material within a very small scale (nanoscale). It is a complex technology which encompass multiple science discipline and industries (Islam & Miyazaki, 2009). Due to this multidisciplinary nature, nanotechnology is predicted to revolutionise the landscape of multiple industry sectors and become the foundation of the next industrial revolution (Moreira & Vale, 2016). This promising potential has attracted many countries to invest in the research and development this technology. Interestingly, this strategic scientific endeavor is not only pursued by developed economies. Newly industrialised economies are also investing heavily in nanotechnology to catch up with more established countries, increase competitiveness and stimulate growth (Moreira & Vale, 2016) (Niosi & Reid, 2007).

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Illustration of nanotechnology (image source)

One of the newly industrialized country which gaining solid grounds in nanotechnology is China. Since the late 1980s, the country has been investing massively in nanotechnology to build international competitiveness in science and technology (Bai, 2005). This effort has started to bear fruits especially in science and research indicators. The number of China nano-science publication surpassed the United States since 2004 (Appelbaum & Parker, 2008).  Number of China’s share in global nano-patent also doubled in less than a decade (Appelbaum, et al., 2016). In these two indicators, China has achieved international leadership.

This essay will discuss China’s nanotechnology development in the context of international competitiveness. The historical context of China endeavour in nanotech will be described first. Following that, factors supporting nanotechnology will be discussed using Malerba’s sectoral system of innovation theory as a lens (Malerba, 2004). Finally, the benefits of network will be explained using Podolny and Leung pipe, prism, and sponge metaphor (Podolny, 2001) (Leung, 2013). Read More