Benefits and Challenges of Innovating Public Services Through E-government.

This is my submitted essay for professor Ian Miles’s Service Innovation class. I got a really bad grade for this essay, probably the worst grade in my master’s course. However i believe there is some useful info in this essay and hopefully by posting here, it could be a stern reminder for me to keep getting better better again in writing. I hope it helps. 

E-government is an innovation in public services which aim to simplify and amplify the relationship between government and the citizens (Rodríguez, et al., 2011). The technology was seen not only to as a tool public service delivery but also a bigger platform which government can perform better in multiple aspects. Seeing this potential, increasing number of country are developing and implementing e-government. According to UN E-Government report, the number of countries providing services through the internet jumped five times, from 33 to 148 in the span of 2003 to 2016 (UN, 2016). However, the successful rate is very low due to the various challenges both from the technical and non-technical side.

South Korean booth in UN Public Service Forum (source)

This essay attempt to discuss what is the prospect and challenges of e-government implementation as a public service innovation. First, the trend and historical context which help the conception of e-government will be explained. Following that, the essay will discuss several definitions and classification of e-government to shape the understanding about this technology. Subsequently, potential benefits and promises of e-government will be described. In the final chapter, several challenges regarding e-government implementation will be discussed along with ways to address that. Continue reading

One Mistake Away

Its middle of the night here in Manchester when wife and kid already asleep. In a rare serene moment like this, I should be doing the literature review part of my dissertation but somehow there is this imaginary brick wall that stop one’s thought process. Hence another too often moment of procrastination creeps me once again.

Either Hemingway, Capote or Woody Allen which said something that to overcome writer’s block, you just have to keep writing. But rather than grinding papers to fuel my dissertation writing, i decided to recollect slice of my life story which i suddenly remembered due to random up-swiping in twitter. Hopefully, brain dumping this will lubricate the dissertation-mode engine once again. At the very least, procrastinating this way is more productive than yet once again Netflix-binging hole i cant seem to escape every time dissertation journey gets a little bit uphill.  Continue reading

Nanotechnology in China: An Analysis of International Competitiveness

This is my essay for professor Marcella Miozzo‘s International Competitiveness class. Previously, i posted the power point presentation for this topic as well. Links to all the reference can be found in the bottom of the article. Hope its useful. 

Nanotechnology is the manipulation and production of material within a very small scale (nanoscale). It is a complex technology which encompass multiple science discipline and industries (Islam & Miyazaki, 2009). Due to this multidisciplinary nature, nanotechnology is predicted to revolutionise the landscape of multiple industry sectors and become the foundation of the next industrial revolution (Moreira & Vale, 2016). This promising potential has attracted many countries to invest in the research and development this technology. Interestingly, this strategic scientific endeavor is not only pursued by developed economies. Newly industrialised economies are also investing heavily in nanotechnology to catch up with more established countries, increase competitiveness and stimulate growth (Moreira & Vale, 2016) (Niosi & Reid, 2007).

Illustration of nanotechnology (image source)

One of the newly industrialized country which gaining solid grounds in nanotechnology is China. Since the late 1980s, the country has been investing massively in nanotechnology to build international competitiveness in science and technology (Bai, 2005). This effort has started to bear fruits especially in science and research indicators. The number of China nano-science publication surpassed the United States since 2004 (Appelbaum & Parker, 2008).  Number of China’s share in global nano-patent also doubled in less than a decade (Appelbaum, et al., 2016). In these two indicators, China has achieved international leadership.

This essay will discuss China’s nanotechnology development in the context of international competitiveness. The historical context of China endeavour in nanotech will be described first. Following that, factors supporting nanotechnology will be discussed using Malerba’s sectoral system of innovation theory as a lens (Malerba, 2004). Finally, the benefits of network will be explained using Podolny and Leung pipe, prism, and sponge metaphor (Podolny, 2001) (Leung, 2013). Continue reading

Silicon Roundabout Presentation

Today, Ive delivered presentations for regional innovation class. For the final coursework, the students are expected to submit essay on several topics related to regional dimension of innovation, from role of public policy in cluster formation, university-industry relation to smart specialisation. I choose to do clusters, specifically start-up cluster. The topic fits into my interest and i want to take the topic as my dissertation areas as well. Before submitting the final essay, the students would need to present first in order to get feedback and directions.

The case study that i chose is Silicon Roundabout which also known as East London Tech City. It is a high tech startup cluster in the east London area (Shoreditch and Hoxton). Digital economy is huge contributor to UK GDP. London in particular has turn over of 56 billion GBP from digital economy. Majority of this are contributed by cluster of tech startups around the old street roundabout in East London. The area has a history of being a creative hub from the early 1990s. Post dot com boom, several startups such as Moo, Dropplr and relocated to this area and in 2008, the terms Silicon Roundabout was coined.

silicon roundabout.png
short history of how silicon roundabout emerge

In 2010, Prime Minister David Cameron launched Tech City initiatives to support this cluster to become world class technology area. Two years later, Google developed seven stories co-working space / incubator called Google Campus.

For the presentation, i include a short history on the cluster, how the cluster grow without policy intervention, the pros and cons of Tech City initiatives and future challenges of the cluster moving forward. I need to be very concise considering 15 minutes time limit.

My presentation is embedded below. Write me in the comment if you have any questions.

All in all, i did okay on today session however as i think my presentation delivery need to be upped a notch. One deadline finished, a lot more to go.

This week is going to be a semester two hell week. All the best for you folks!.

Adaptasi Proses Belajar Di Inggris

Banyak perbedaan antara dua semester perkuliahan Manchester dan pengalaman saya sebelumnya di dunia professional. Mulai dari proses belajar, ekspektasi dan deliverables, dibutuhkan beberapa penyesuaian sebelum akhirnya saya mendapat ritme kerja yang nyaman. Ditambah lagi sistem pendidikan yang jauh berbeda antara di Indonesia dan Inggris dan juga jurusan yang tidak linear dengan S1 sehingga pengalaman saya ketika sarjana tidak serta merta aplikatif di studi pasca-sarjana sekarang.

Sebagian materi kuliah yang saya jalani di Manchester

Didalam tulisan ini, saya menuliskan beberapa tips yang sangat membantu proses belajar S2 disini. Meminjam konsep retrospective Scrum, tips saya tuliskan setelah merefleksikan kesalahan dan berpikir apa yang seharusnya saya bisa lakukan untuk memperbaiki kesalahan tersebut.  Beberapa tips juga baru saya sadari setelah akhir semester 2 sehingga jika dilakukan lebih awal, hasil yang saya dapatkan bisa lebih maksimal. Harapan saya, semoga tulisan ini bisa membantu teman teman yang ingin berkuliah diluar agar cepat beradaptasi dengan proses belajar yang baru.

Model pembelajaran di jurusan saya Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship, sudah saya jelaskan sedikit di tulisan sebelumnya. Sila baca ini terlebih dahulu agar lebih mengerti konteks yang saya tulis disini.  Continue reading

Penggunaan Layanan Finansial Seluler Untuk Memperluas Jangkauan Bantuan Sosial Pemerintah

Dengan jumlah penduduk miskin sebanyak 28 juta orang (BPS, 2016), penanggulangan kemiskinan menjadi salah satu tantangan yang dihadapi Indonesia ke depan. Angka kemiskinan yang tinggi berpotensi membawa efek domino yang lebih besar seperti berkurangnya produktivitas ekonomi, menurunnya tingkat kesehatan masyarakat dan juga peningkatan angka kriminalitas. Untuk mengatasi masalah ini, pemerintah Indonesia di tahun 2010 membentuk Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K). Berada langsung di bawah wakil presiden, TNP2K bertanggung jawab mengeksekusi program pengentasan kemiskinan seperti peningkatan kapasitas ekonomi, jaminan kesehatan dan juga bantuan sosial. TNP2K juga bertanggung jawab atas basis data terpadu yang berisi informasi sosial ekonomi dan demografi penduduk miskin di Indonesia.

LFS untuk PKH.png
Contoh skema penggunaan layanan finansial seluler untuk distribusi bantuan sosial

Salah satu instrumen bantuan sosial yang digunakan TNP2K adalah transfer tunai bersyarat bernama Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH). PKH memberikan uang tunai kepada rumah tangga sangat miskin sekaligus mewajibkan mereka untuk memenuhi persyaratan terkait pendidikan dan kesehatan. Sebagai contoh, resipien PKH yang memiliki anak balita wajib memenuhi kewajiban imunisasi lengkap sebelum menerima bantuan. Saat ini, dana PKH di salurkan secara tunai melalui kantor pos dan juga transfer bank melalui akun bank BRI. Continue reading

International Competitiveness in Nanotechnology

One of the class ive enrolled in the second semester is International Competitiveness by Professor Marcella Miozzo. In this course, prof Miozzo discuss how firms, organization and countries achieve international competitiveness / global leadership through innovation. Ive also learned a lot of about strategy and the history of industrialization in developed and newly develop countries in this class.

Nanotech in China
China is one of the countries highlighted in my presentation

For group coursework, i need to present international competitiveness in the case of nanotechnology. The task is very interesting and challenging because prior to this i know nothing about nano tech. After several weeks of digging Scopus papers, reading science magazine and collaborating through Google Slides, me and my team delivered the topic in the class yesterday. We present the history of nanotechnology development, international competitiveness using research indicators also case studies of three leading countries in nanotechnology. Due to over excitement, we overshoot the presentation time by over half an hour however the response was good.

In this post, im embedding the presentation slides along with several highlights from the materials that i referenced. Due to the way we split the work, im putting only the materials related to nanotechnology in the context of China. For the completion of this work, i would like to thank my awesome team mates which coincidentally both of them are Chevening scholars : fellow Indonesians Yoanita Simanjuntak and Pakistani aspiring economist Aisha Aurakzai.

Third world countries, represent!.

Continue reading