Digital and Tech Startup Employment in Indonesia and Jakarta

I did comparison of total number of employees of all Indonesian tech startups listed in Crunchbase and employment numbers of other major business sector.

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Vizualized using Tableau Public

Several interesting points :

  • In country level, startup employment is still miniscule which is not surprising. However in Jakarta level, it already surpassed banking, construction, education and enterprise support services sector
  • Still in Jakarta level, Startup employment is already nearly half Real Estate sector, nearly third of Transportation and Warehousing and quarter of Manufacturing
  • Jakarta hold 60 percent of total Indonesia startup employment. Compared to the ICT sector which Jakarta only contribute 2% of total country employment. I guess startup ecosystem is still very Jakarta centric ?
  • Startup employment probably can be used as proxy for Digital Economy contribution. However its still need average wage data points in Startups to see how the contribution related to other business sector.
     

Also couple of notes regarding the data

  • This is a pre-eliminary analysis, did it in my spare time so please do comment if i made mistakes or something doesnt felt right
  • Number of employee data in Crunchbase is in estimated range. I used the maximum estimation.
  • Out of around 900 Indonesian based startups listed in Crunch base, 270-ish doesnt have employee data. So the number could possibly bigger
  • Techinasia listed around 3000 Indonesian startups however they didnt parse it by city and also i believe they didnt offer access to the raw data. However, just by looking at the number of startups disparity compared to Crunchbase, again the number of startup employment could possibly much bigger

Heres the tableau link to get better view of the graph : http://bit.ly/startupEmploymentIndo

Data source : Crunchbase, BPS Sensus Ekonomi 2016, Self-analysis

PS: Kudos for Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia for the quality and the granularity of the data.

 

Silicon Roundabout Presentation

Today, Ive delivered presentations for regional innovation class. For the final coursework, the students are expected to submit essay on several topics related to regional dimension of innovation, from role of public policy in cluster formation, university-industry relation to smart specialisation. I choose to do clusters, specifically start-up cluster. The topic fits into my interest and i want to take the topic as my dissertation areas as well. Before submitting the final essay, the students would need to present first in order to get feedback and directions.

The case study that i chose is Silicon Roundabout which also known as East London Tech City. It is a high tech startup cluster in the east London area (Shoreditch and Hoxton). Digital economy is huge contributor to UK GDP. London in particular has turn over of 56 billion GBP from digital economy. Majority of this are contributed by cluster of tech startups around the old street roundabout in East London. The area has a history of being a creative hub from the early 1990s. Post dot com boom, several startups such as Moo, Dropplr and Last.fm relocated to this area and in 2008, the terms Silicon Roundabout was coined.

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short history of how silicon roundabout emerge

In 2010, Prime Minister David Cameron launched Tech City initiatives to support this cluster to become world class technology area. Two years later, Google developed seven stories co-working space / incubator called Google Campus.

For the presentation, i include a short history on the cluster, how the cluster grow without policy intervention, the pros and cons of Tech City initiatives and future challenges of the cluster moving forward. I need to be very concise considering 15 minutes time limit.

My presentation is embedded below. Write me in the comment if you have any questions.

All in all, i did okay on today session however as i think my presentation delivery need to be upped a notch. One deadline finished, a lot more to go.

This week is going to be a semester two hell week. All the best for you folks!.

Basic vs Applied Research

To prepare for semester exam, i wrote several essays on Innovation topics to help me revise. As the exam period already finished, rather than throw it away i might as well post it here. All of the essays can be looked up using ExamEssay tag. Hope it can be useful. 

Research by definition is a creative activity to produce knowledge. By characteristics, research can be divided into two categories : basic and applied.

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Characteristics of both type of research

In short, basic research is curiosity driven activity to produce science while applied research is a problem solving activities to come up with new technology.

Classical view on science and technology relationship

In the old fashioned view, science came before technology. Basic research increase the stock of science in the society which in turns becomes the fuel of applied research activities. Technology is an application of science hence basic research need to be prioritized first.

 

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Relationship model on the classical view

The prominent supporter of this view is inventor, engineer and former head of US Office of Scientific Research and Development  Vannevar Bush. After world war 2, Bush advocated the importance of funding basic research. In his report to the president titled Science The Endless Frontier, Bush argued that basic research increase the nation’s scientific capital, drive technological progress which in turns improve the nation’s competitiveness in world trade.

The entire Vannevar Bush report to the President can be read here Continue reading

Refleksi Satu Semester

Tidak terasa, sudah hampir lima bulan semenjak saya sekeluarga meninggalkan Indonesia dan tinggal di Manchester. Walaupun tentunya ada enak dan tidak enak, secara keseluruhan pengalaman ini terasa menyenangkan. Pada saat tulisan ini dibuat, saya sedang merapel bahan bahan kuliah untuk persiapan ujian. Sebari rehat sejenak, berikut refleksi empat bulan pertama menempuh pendidikan master di Inggris.

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Kelas High Tech Entrepreneurship dari Prof Jonathan Pinkse

Continue reading

Nauval & Atiek

Nauval,

Interaksi pertama kami terjadi di air terjun Coban Rondo di Malang beberapa jam setelah akhir ritual kaderisasi mahasiswa baru. Selama masa tegang ospek, Nauval konsisten menjadi senior dengan antarmuka yang ramah pengguna. Kami belum saling mengenal pada saat itu namun secara subliminal saya melangkah dan bertanya dimana toilet terdekat berada. Nauval menawarkan untuk berjalan bersama dan kami pun mulai saling mengobrol.

Dasar pertemanan kami di tahun tahun setelah itu adalah obrolan software engineering, open source atau berita berita teknologi lainnya. Meskipun almamater kami menyandang kata teknologi di tengahnya, hanya segelintir mahasiswa yang antusias membicarakan perkembangan terbaru di bidang yang kita pelajari setiap hari. Nauval adalah bagian dari minoritas tersebut.

Selain itu kami berdua termasuk mahasiswa yang memaksimalkan utilisasi uang SPP dengan cara, well, tinggal dan tidur di laboratorium pemrograman. Mas Bambang sebagai admin lab mempekerjakan kami berdua dan beberapa mahasiswa tuna wisma lainnya untuk menjadi merbot dan juru kunci dengan imbalan jaket laboratorium.

Keniscayaan bahwa saya dan Nauval akan selalu berada di lab di malah hari juga ternyata membawa keuntungan finansial.

Beberapa kali kami diajak untuk terlibat proyek pemrograman uang jajan. Salah satu yang saya ingat adalah website korporat untuk operator telekomunikasi plat merah. Semalam suntuk kami mengutak atik kode dan desain menggunakan Joomla kemudian di pagi berikutnya dilanjut dengan presentasi hasil kerja didepan para manajer. Tentu saja sesuai dengan kultur dan kredo mahasiswa ITS, mandi dan tidur adalah opsional. Satu setengah juta untuk kerja semalam. Tidak buruk untuk dua tuna wisma fakir bandwidth berkedok asisten lab.

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Nauval meninggalkan kampus setahun lebih dahulu dan kami tidak pernah bertemu lagi untuk waktu yang cukup lama.

Atiek,

Pertemanan kami bermula oleh sebuah perjalanan. Di tahun 2011, saya tinggal dan bekerja di Kuala Lumpur. Agung, room mate dan juga kompratriot sekantor, suatu hari mengajak untuk backpacking ke Chennai, India. Agung mengajak seorang temannya yang lain, perempuan berkerudung yang ketika itu sedang menempuh studi S2. Mereka berdua bertujuan untuk mempresentasikan paper di sebuah seminar. Sementara saya turut serta karena tidak punya agenda lebih baik untuk menghabiskan akhir pekan. Yang kemudian terjadi  adalah kejadian absurd demi kejadian absurd yang lain.

kik atiek agung.jpg

Sekembalinya ke Indonesia, Atiek kemudian mengajak saya dan beberapa teman yang lain untuk nongkrong di kantor Indonesia Mengajar. Berawal dari ngobrol ngobrol, berbagai macam kegiatan kerelawanan lahir. Mulai dari  professional volunteer program yang kemudian menjadi kelas inspirasi, bergulir dari satu kota ke kota yang lain. Atiek menjadi bagian penting dari pergerakan ini dan tidak jarang juga menjadi koordinator.

Indonesia Mengajar membuat saya sering bekerja bersama Atiek. Bukan tim yang ideal sebenarnya karena setiap kali kami terlibat dalam rapat, atmosfir serius hanya bisa bertahan 15 menit pertama saja. Menit menit setelah itu hampir pasti akan terisi dengan joke receh, plesetan dan hal hal aneh lainnya.

Selain menambah repertoir joke remah remah, berteman dengan Atiek membuat saya belajar tentang hal yang tidak saya duga sebelumnyaAtiek bekerja di lembaga pengembangan internasional dan seringkali melakukan implementasi proyek energi terbarukan di daerah terpencil di Indonesia. Dari Atiek, saya belajar tentang permasalahan energi di Indonesia, isu isu development dan hal hal sustainability yang lain. Ini menarik karena topik ini semacam antitesis dari profesi saya yang sangat korporat (menyokong pemilik kapital untuk membuat keputusan berbasis profit ). Mendengar cerita cerita Atiek juga memperkaya perspektif saya tentang betapa beragamnya Indonesia dan permasalahan permasalahan yang dia temui dalam perjalanannya.

Nauval dan Atiek,

Suatu hari saya dan istri datang ke sebuah acara sharing knowledge tentang implementasi energi terbarukan karena Atiek menjadi pembicara disitu. Ketika Atiek  sedang presentasi, istri saya memuji betapa pintar dan cantiknya atiek (tiek, kalimat ini berbayar. Tunggu invoice di email). Kemudian bertanya apakah saya mengenal pria jomblo rajin sholat dari keluarga baik baik dengan intelejensia yang setara.

Nama Nauval muncul tetapi yang dimaksud sedang berada di Skotlandia untuk menyelesaikan studi S2.

Anehnya, di Scotland, Nauval satu rumah dengan Agung. He became a room mate of my room mate.

Agung kembali ke Indonesia lebih dulu dan beberapa kali kami membicarakan kebetulan aneh ini. Di salah satu sesi obrolan sepulang kantor kita, ide mempertemukan atiek dan nauval muncul secara natural. Through peculiar concidence, my friend and agung’s friend apparently become our mutual friends. Diantara saya, agung, atiek dan nauval hanya atiek dan nauval saja yang belum pernah berinteraksi. Butuh waktu yang cukup lama tetapi akhirnya kami berempat bertemu dan berada di satu tempat yang sama tidak lama setealh Nauval kembali ke Indonesia.

Yang selanjutnya terjadi adalah gravitasi. Beberapa kali saya mendengar atiek dan nauval terlihat datang berdua di acara acara Indonesia Mengajar. Selang beberapa lama, undangan datang dan kemudian akhir pekan kemarin, Agung mengirimkan foto ini di grup.

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I was so happy and sad at the same time. Saya tidak bisa hadir ketika kedua teman baik yang saya temui fase kehidupan yang berbeda, mengucap janji didepan penghulu untuk menjadi suami istri.

Cerita mereka berdua juga mengingatkan saya akan adagium klasik tuhan tahu tapi menunggu. Di kondominium Orion Kuala Lumpur, tempat dimana saya dan agung pernah tinggal, atiek dan nauval pernah berada di tempat yang sama namun dengan waktu yang berbeda. Mereka berdua baru bertemu tidak kurang dari lima tahun setelah itu. Memang sih kalau sudah jodoh, pastinya gak akan kemana…indra kemana (ha!).

Oh well,

Selamat membuka lembaran dalam fase hidup yang baru Tiek, Val. Sampai ketemu tahun depan dan semoga ketika kita bertemu kembali, Ghazi bisa berkenalan dengan teman bermainnya yang baru.

Biological vs Chemical: A Study Case on Pest Control Lock-in in Israel Citrus Fruit Industry

This an academic essay i did for Innovation and Knowledge Economy lecture by professor Andrew McMeekin. The task is to demonstrate understanding on technological lock-in concept using any chosen topic.  This topic was a little bit random and way out of my forte but i guess the point of taking masters degree is stretch yourself so far beyond the comfort zone. . 

In a paper called Sprayed to Death: Path Dependence, Lock-In and Pest Control Strategies, economic researcher Robin Cowan and Phillip Gunby chronicled how certain pest control strategy dominate the market using increasing returns and path dependency (Cowan & Gunby, 1996). Two study case were used: Israel citrus fruit industry and cotton industry in United States. The Israel case in particular is very interesting because within the span of nearly 60 years, two pest control technologies were competing and each have achieved lock-in in a different period.

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Oranges, one of the most prominent citrus fruit. Image courtesy of ulehsustainability.com

This essay attempt to further explore multiple lock in occurrence involving two different pest control method (Integrated Pest Management and Chemical Control) in the case of Israel citrus fruit industry from 1940s to 1970s.  It uses historical observation and theoretical results to explain how these multiple lock-ins started, how contingent events influence the competition, what are the increasing returns for each technology and what escape factors contributed in breaking the lock-ins. Continue reading

Bapak’s Notes : Selamat Ulang Tahun Ibu

Apa kabar Ghaz ?

Its been quite a while since the last time i write for you and son, let me tell you how it has been hell of a ride. First thing first, we are now living in Manchester Ghaz! can you believe that ? sometimes bapak still couldnt fathom this fact.

As a child who grew up in the suburbs of Sidoarjo, going outside our country was a far fetch let alone living there Ghaz. Bapak used to play near Juanda airport and i was always wondering what lies behind the departure door.

But enough about that, lets talk about the woman responsible for our well being and happiness while we embark on this journey : Ibu.

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Did you know Ghaz that Bapak actually was afraid of the idea of pursuing Master’s degree ? I used to think since Bapak has been having good career with good wages and benefits, why risk all that for going back to university again ? after all, theres no guarantee when Bapak will have better career after having the degree.

It was Ibu who convince me that i can always go back to professional life again but Bapak might miss this lifetime chance to study abroad if i didnt pursue it now. Bapak is nearly in my 30’s now, you are still very young and we dont have any long term financial commitment yet. We dont have any car nor house nor debt hence we as a family have the flexibility to just pack our bags and go!. And again this is also because of Ibu. She save our money and ensure me not to settle in just yet because Ibu believe Bapak might get a chance for scholarship.

See Ghaz ? even I dont put that much confidence in myself.

Did you know Ghaz since we moved to this far and foreign land, Ibu become full time housewife ? When Bapak is going to class, you are with Ibu 24/7. She cook for both of us, bath you and ensuring you grow up healthy and happy. She even taking you out for baby class where you can learn about colors, music and other educational stuff. She done it all by herself, taking you out on a stroller, boarding a Stagecoach bus, sometimes in a windy and cold weather,  isnt it amazing Ghaz ?.

Just before we moved here, Ibu was promoted in her job. To leave all that and committed herself to be mother and wife, both of us owe her big time Ghaz so remember this as you grow up (and please remind Bapak too hehe).

Last week, Ibu had her birthday. So lets give out one big hug for our hero Ghaz : Selamat Ulang Tahun Ibu, Bapak and Ghazi love you to the supermoon and back. We wont be what we are today if not because of you.

Love you again!